New conflagrations: WWII
Review Guide – Chapter 37
I. Terms (20)
Ia. Conquest of Manchuria The Rape of Nanjing Tripartite Pact/Axis Powers Ib. Spanish Civil War Conquest of Ethiopia “November Crime” demilitarized Rhineland Anschluss appeasement Neville Chamberlain
Munich Accord Hitler’s invasions Nazi-Soviet Non-aggression Pact
IIa. Blitzkrieg Fall of France Battle of Britain IIb. Lenensraum
Operation Barbarossa (objective and results) IIc. Pearl Harbor Tojo Hideki
Winston Churchill IId. Battle of Stalingrad North African campaign
Italian campaign D-Day Battle of Midway Magic
island-hopping kamikaze Battles of Iwo Jima and Okinawa
Atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki IIIa. Vichy Government (France)
Exploitation collaboration resistance atrocities IIIb. The Final Solution
Einsatzgruppen Wannsee Conference Zyklon B Auschwitz
IVa. V-E Day V-J Day Cold War (origins) Yalta and Potsdam
Territorial divisions Truman Doctrine IVb. Marshall Plan NATO
Warsaw Pact COMECON United
II. Questions (20)
Ia.1. World War II began with
2. The Guomindang during World War II was
Ib. 3. The Italian fascists used which war as an excuse to intervene and gain valuable military experience?
4. The weakness of the League of Nations was revealed in its inability to take any substantial action in response to the Italian invasion of
IIa. 5. After the fall of France in 1940, the only country left to fight Germany was
6. In the Battle of Britain the Germans hoped to defeat the English
IIb. 7. Hitler’s comment “You only have to kick in the door, and the whole rotten structure will come down” was a reference to which of the following powers?
8. By December 1941, the Soviets gained two new allies in their struggle to defeat the Ger man invasion of their country: a severe winter and
IIc. 9. The Japanese goal in the bombing of Pearl Harbor was
10. “Asia for Asians” was the slogan of the
IId. 11. The Normandy invasion
12. During the Battle of Okinawa,
13. The U.S. secret weapon in the Pacific campaign was
IIIa. 14. After the assassination of Reinhard Heydrich,
IIIb. 15. At the Wannsee Conference,
16. The largest of the Nazi death camps was
IVa. 17. Around how many million people perished during World War II?
18. All of the following were origins of the Cold War except …
IVb. 19. What was the Soviet counter plan to the Marshall Plan?
20. What was the purpose of NATO?
III. OGT Objectives
History: Students use materials drawn from the diversity of human experience to analyze and interpret significant events, patterns and themes in the history of Ohio, the United States and the world.
Benchmark E: Analyze connections between World War II, the Cold War and contemporary conflicts.
11. Analyze the consequences of World War II including: a. Atomic weapons; b. Civilian and military losses; c. The Holocaust and its impact; d. Refugees and poverty; e. The United Nations; f. The establishment of the state of Israel.
12. Analyze the impact of conflicting political and economic ideologies after World War II that resulted in the Cold War including: a. Soviet expansion in Eastern Europe; b. The division of Germany; c. The emergence of NATO and the Warsaw Pact; d. The Chinese Communist Revolution.
13. Examine social, economic and political struggles resulting from colonialism and imperialism including: a. Independence movements in India, Indochina and Africa; b. Rise of dictatorships in former colonies.
Government: Students use knowledge of the purposes, structures and processes of political systems at the local, state, national and international levels to understand that people create systems of government as structures of power and authority to provide order, maintain stability and promote the general welfare.
Benchmark B: Analyze the differences among various forms of government to determine how power is acquired and used.
2. Analyze the purposes, structures and functions of various systems of government including:
People in Societies: Students use knowledge of perspectives, practices and products of cultural, ethnic and social groups to analyze the impact of their commonality and diversity within local, national, regional and global settings.
Benchmark B: Analyze the consequences of oppression, discrimination and conflict between cultures.
2. Analyze the results of political, economic, and social oppression and the violation of human rights including:
b. The Holocaust and other acts of genocide, including those that have occurred in Armenia, Rwanda, Bosnia and Iraq.
Citizenship Rights and Responsibilities: Students use knowledge of the rights and responsibilities of citizenship in order to examine and evaluate civic ideals and to participate in community life and the American democratic system.
Benchmark A: Analyze ways people achieve governmental change, including political action, social protest and revolution.
3. Analyze how governments and other groups have used propaganda to influence public opinion and behavior.
Social Studies Skills and Methods: Students collect, organize, evaluate and synthesize information from multiple sources to draw logical conclusions. Students communicate this information using appropriate social studies terminology in oral, written or multimedia form and apply what they have learned to societal issues in simulated or real-world settings.
Benchmark A: Evaluate the reliability and credibility of sources.
1. Detect bias and propaganda in primary and secondary sources of information.
Benchmark B: Use data and evidence to support or refute a thesis.
4. Develop and present a research project including: a. Collection of data; b. Narrowing and refining the topic; c. Construction and support of the thesis.